日知其所亡 » 元亨利贞

元亨利贞

2007年7月27日 | 分类: 未分类 | 标签:

聂世美整理《偶斋诗草》,上海古籍2005年出版,《前言》云:
中国社科院文学所图书馆藏有一钞本《竹坡诗草》,亦分四集,集名依次为元、亨、利、贞。显然,此本集名乃取义于《周易革卦》卦辞:巳日乃孚。元亨,利贞,悔亡。据孔颖达《正义》云云(略),不管所钞者是否已有“改制革命”意识,其以“元亨利贞”名集而蕴含的“悔亡”意义是一目了然的。换言之,即对自己的一生所为无怨无悔,至死不改其初衷。
鄙人未读过周易,更不知道宝廷写诗还跟革卦大有关系。赶紧拿来一本周易,准备认真体会元亨利贞的意思。谁知道周易第一卦乾卦,就明白写着:“乾,元亨利贞”。第二卦,也明白写着:“屯,元亨利贞”。接下来,随、临、无妄、革诸卦,都说是元亨利贞。编者是如何判断出这个钞本“乃取义于《周易革卦》卦辞”的呢?依愚见,说它取义于“大哉乾元万物资始”的乾卦,岂不更和谐?不得不怀疑编者牵强附会,有乱来的嫌疑。此外,若不仅革卦有此四字,那接下来极富文学性的“无怨无悔”云云,简直就是胡说八道了。
其实,求那么深干吗呢?甲乙丙丁,天地玄黄,周吴郑王,这些字用来排序,就是一二三四的意思。
全书还未细看,不能因这个常识性的错误就对编者整理古籍的能力产生婶婶的怀疑。但是,不能无疑。

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